Baltasar Gil de Egea
ESM Human Factors Institute (Spain)
Recor-rail, real and contextual testing information tool
To validate and verify interfaces using testing methodologies with the human element, for those related to the railway operation, laboratory tests and simulators are usually carried out, but the situational or contextual aspect of the end user in his real position is not considered with all the interactions.
The designers, software engineers and managers of the HMI are very competent in the technology used for the implementation of the interfaces, however, a secure design is a requirement for a safe operation, the most efficient interfaces require knowledge of ergonomics, human and organizational factors, user-centered design and cognitive psychology, as well as about the real task where the element or product to be tested will be used.
For a rail safety operation, it requires secure, friendly interfaces that meet the technical operating needs, that minimizes operational errors (interfaces resistant to human error), and with reliability including the human as part of the system in any circumstance, be it in normal or degraded operations.
Our proposal is to use real data from the elements or systems already in use and that may be conflicting or unreliable under certain operating situations. For this objective, the Recor-rail tool has been developed. In addition to the laboratory tests it is necessary to have data of the actual operation, including the entire context of interactions that may or may not favor the situational awareness of the end user and whose information will give a high added value eliminating biased testing and providing a global vision of the safety and security.
Recor-rail is a system of “confidential report of incidents or concerns” applicable from the real operation in the workplace with RCR models such as the one presented in this paper.
Recor-Rail, is a voluntary, confidential, independent system for railways, which allows the collection of data, directly reported by the end user, on incidents in the operation, observed dangers and human errors committed during the interaction with the train equipment embarked or with the DMIs interfaces of a control rooms.
This information captured by the Recor-Rail tool is also used as testing data for the evaluation of the railway equipment interface with direct impact on safety and security applications.
These data and their analysis are a great tool for designers, manufacturers and independent assessment bodies.
His basic training comes from the field of Safety, Ergonomics and Psychology applied to the prevention of personal and industrial accidents. Directly related to industry and transport among other sectors, he develops his professional experiences in Spanish companies of aviation, maritime transport, rail and road transport in the area of accident prevention, risk analysis and human factors.
Specialized in Security and Human Factors, he acts as a researcher for a significant number of companies developing evaluation projects, training, systems implementation and development of strategies to improve working conditions and risk control. It develops reliability plans for the control of human error that is present in 80% of the causes of industrial accidents and transport, with catastrophic consequences for human lives, assets and the environment.
He has developed an intense training activity in the field of security, since joining the ESM Institute in 1989. From the perspective of Security and Human Factors, has directed various research, seminars and workshops, has published articles, books and organized meetings of international dimension.
He is a member of the Human Factors Group of the Permanent Body for Safety and Health of the General Employment Directorate of the European Commission. As a Spanish representative, he is co-author of the document published by the European Commission, “Health and Safety: The human factors of reliability in risk prevention”.
Participates in the management of the research projects of the ESM Institute in the field of reliability and simulation, being at this moment developing, with other European partners, full-scope simulators for the training of road transport operators of dangerous goods and transport of passengers by rail, as well as maritime navigation.
He is a member of the European Network THEMES and SAFERLENET for the prevention of accidents and human reliability in maritime transport.
He is currently a member of the Executive Committee of the Spanish Railway Technological Platform (PTFE) and the Spanish Maritime Technology Platform (PTME).
He is a project evaluator for the European Union, co-author of several publications on accident investigation with human factors involved: “FHIAM Human Factors in Maritime Accident Investigation” and “FHIAT Human Factors in Railway Accident Investigation”.